bibliolater, to science
@bibliolater@qoto.org avatar

"Finally, and perhaps most importantly, it is stressed that artificial algorithms attempt to mimic only the conscious function of parts of the cerebral cortex, ignoring the fact that, not only every conscious experience is preceded by an unconscious process but also that the passage from the unconscious to consciousness is accompanied by loss of information."

Athanassios S Fokas, Can artificial intelligence reach human thought?, PNAS Nexus, Volume 2, Issue 12, December 2023, pgad409, https://doi.org/10.1093/pnasnexus/pgad409 @science @engineering

bibliolater, to histodon
@bibliolater@qoto.org avatar

"This article seeks to understand mercantilism not as an elite philosophy, but as a process of interaction between private interests that stretched beyond London across England and the wider world, in which contribution to the public interest was asserted primarily by the capacity of a trade to support domestic employment in an increasingly global economy."

Hugo Bromley, England’s Mercantilism: Trading Companies, Employment and the Politics of Trade in Global History, 1688–1704, The English Historical Review, 2023;, cead177, https://doi.org/10.1093/ehr/cead177 @histodon @histodons

bibliolater, to psychology
@bibliolater@qoto.org avatar

"Here we focus on pseudo-profound bullshit, which consists of seemingly impressive assertions that are presented as true and meaningful but are actually vacuous"

Pennycook G, Allan Cheyne J, Barr N, Koehler DJ, Fugelsang JA. On the reception and detection of pseudo-profound bullshit. Judgment and Decision Making. 2015;10(6):549-563. doi: https://doi.org/10.1017/S1930297500006999 @psychology

bibliolater, to archaeodons
@bibliolater@qoto.org avatar

"Our project is revealing a new perspective on how these sites, contrary to previous assumptions, seem to have played a significant role in the configuration and evolution of trading networks throughout the Roman period."

Quevedo A, Hernández García Jde D, Gutiérrez-Rodríguez M, Moreno-Martín FJ, Mukai T, Capelli C. Impact of trading networks on a small island at the end of Late Antiquity: Isla del Fraile. Antiquity. 2023:1-9. doi: https://doi.org/10.15184/aqy.2023.182 @archaeodons @antiquidons

bibliolater, to science
@bibliolater@qoto.org avatar

"The findings gave a unique understanding of life and death in this early Christian Viking community and indicated that it was common to suffer from dental caries, tooth loss, infections of dental origin and tooth pain. These Vikings also manipulated their teeth through filing, tooth picking and other occupational behaviors."

Bertilsson C, Vretemark M, Lund H, Lingström P (2023) Caries prevalence and other dental pathological conditions in Vikings from Varnhem, Sweden. PLOS ONE 18(12): e0295282. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0295282 @archaeodons @science

bibliolater, to histodon
@bibliolater@qoto.org avatar

"This article outlines a chronology for understanding the cultural importance in Britain of this voyage, from the New England chroniclers to the postcolonial critiques of historians today. In between, it offers a thematic analysis of the different groups which could use the story in their construction of morality and identity, from Romanticists and abolitionists to Anglo-American diplomats and civic boosters."

Edmund Downey, Tom Hulme, Martha Vandrei, The Mayflower and Historical Culture in Britain, 1620–2020, The English Historical Review, 2023;, cead152, https://doi.org/10.1093/ehr/cead152 @histodon @histodons

bibliolater, to philosophy
@bibliolater@qoto.org avatar

"In his Remarks on the Foundations of Mathematics, Wittgenstein claims, puzzlingly, that ‘the proof creates a new concept’ (RFM III-41). This paper aims to contribute to clarifying this idea, and to showing how it marks a major break with the traditional conception of proof."

Sorin Bangu, Wittgenstein on Proof and Concept-Formation, The Philosophical Quarterly, 2023;, pqad111, https://doi.org/10.1093/pq/pqad111 @philosophy

bibliolater, to histodon
@bibliolater@qoto.org avatar

"The authors present new archaeological discoveries from western and northern Mongolia, dating to the fourth and fifth centuries AD, including a wooden frame saddle with horse hide components from Urd Ulaan Uneet and an iron stirrup from Khukh Nuur. Together, these finds suggest that Mongolian groups were early adopters of stirrups and saddles, facilitating the expansion of nomadic hegemony across Eurasia and shaping the conduct of medieval mounted warfare."

Bayarsaikhan J, Turbat T, Bayandelger C, et al. The origins of saddles and riding technology in East Asia: discoveries from the Mongolian Altai. Antiquity. 2023:1-17. doi: https://doi.org/10.15184/aqy.2023.172 @archaeodons @histodon @histodons

bibliolater, to science
@bibliolater@qoto.org avatar

"To address questions about the real appearance of St Anthony, we applied body mass estimation equations to the osteometric measurements taken in 1981, during the public recognition of the Saint’s skeletal remains. Both the biomechanical and the morphometric approach were employed to solve some intrinsic limitations in the equations for body mass estimation from skeletal remains. The estimated body mass was used to assess the physique of the Saint with the body mass index."

Mongillo J, Vescovo G, Bramanti B (2021) Belly fat or bloating? New insights into the physical appearance of St Anthony of Padua. PLOS ONE 16(12): e0260505. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0260505 @science

bibliolater, to science
@bibliolater@qoto.org avatar

"Medieval hospitals were founded to provide charity, but poverty and infirmity were broad and socially determined categories and little is known about the residents of these institutions and the pathways that led them there. Combining skeletal, isotopic and genetic data, the authors weave a collective biography of individuals buried at the Hospital of St John the Evangelist, Cambridge."

Inskip S, Cessford C, Dittmar J, et al. Pathways to the medieval hospital: collective osteobiographies of poverty and charity. Antiquity. 2023;97(396):1581-1597. doi: https://doi.org/10.15184/aqy.2023.167 @archaeodons @science

bibliolater, to biology
@bibliolater@qoto.org avatar

"The present study has highlighted the gene-culture co-migration with the demographic movements that occurred during the past two millennia in Central and East Asia. Additionally, this work contributes to a better understanding of the distribution of immunogenic erythrocyte polymorphisms with a view to improve transfusion safety."

Petit, F., Minnai, F., Chiaroni, J. et al. The radial expansion of the Diego blood group system polymorphisms in Asia: mark of co-migration with the Mongol conquests. Eur J Hum Genet 27, 125–132 (2019). https://doi.org/10.1038/s41431-018-0245-9 @science @biology

bibliolater, to economics
@bibliolater@qoto.org avatar

"We argue that market power by some corporations and in some sectors – including temporary market power emerging in the aftermath of the pandemic – amplified inflation. It made price increases peak higher and remain more persistent than they would have been in a world with less market power. To be clear: corporate profits were thus not the sole driver of inflation, nor are dominant corporations to blame for the energy shock
caused by Russia’s invasion of Ukraine. But we argue that their market power exacerbated the fallout – and that this is not sufficiently captured in the prevailing macroeconomic debate or in workhorse models."

Jung C and Hayes C (2023) Inflation, profits and market power: Towards a new research and policy agenda, IPPR and Common
Wealth. http://www.ippr.org/publications/inflation-profits-and-market-power @economics

bibliolater, to economics
@bibliolater@qoto.org avatar

"We argue that market power by some corporations and in some sectors – including temporary market power emerging in the aftermath of the pandemic – amplified inflation. It made price increases peak higher and remain more persistent than they would have been in a world with less market power. To be clear: corporate profits were thus not the sole driver of inflation, nor are dominant corporations to blame for the energy shock
caused by Russia’s invasion of Ukraine. But we argue that their market power exacerbated the fallout – and that this is not sufficiently captured in the prevailing macroeconomic
debate or in workhorse models."

Jung C and Hayes C (2023) Inflation, profits and market power: Towards a new research and policy agenda, IPPR and Common
Wealth. http://www.ippr.org/publications/inflation-profits-and-market-power @economics

bibliolater, to economics
@bibliolater@qoto.org avatar

"We argue that market power by some corporations and in some sectors – including
temporary market power emerging in the aftermath of the pandemic – amplified inflation.
It made price increases peak higher and remain more persistent than they would have
been in a world with less market power. To be clear: corporate profits were thus not the
sole driver of inflation, nor are dominant corporations to blame for the energy shock
caused by Russia’s invasion of Ukraine. But we argue that their market power exacerbated
the fallout – and that this is not sufficiently captured in the prevailing macroeconomic
debate or in workhorse models."

Jung C and Hayes C (2023) Inflation, profits and market power: Towards a new research and policy agenda, IPPR and Common
Wealth. http://www.ippr.org/publications/inflation-profits-and-market-power @economics

bibliolater, to science
@bibliolater@qoto.org avatar

Brozio JP, Stos-Gale Z, Müller J, Müller-Scheeßel N, Schultrich S, et al. (2023) The origin of Neolithic copper on the central Northern European plain and in Southern Scandinavia: Connectivities on a European scale. PLOS ONE 18(5): e0283007. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0283007 @archaeodons @science

bibliolater, to histodon
@bibliolater@qoto.org avatar

"Against the backdrop of the threat of war with Persia and an imminent Spartan invasion which resulted in the overthrow of Hippias (510 BCE), it is considered that a political transition occurred because Greece was both geologically and politically disposed to adopt this labour-intensive silver technology which helped to initiate, fund and protect the radical social experiment that became known as Classical Greece."

Wood, J. R. (2023). Other ways to examine the finances behind the birth of Classical Greece. Archaeometry, 65(3), 570–586. https://doi.org/10.1111/arcm.12839 @archaeodons @histodon @histodons

bibliolater, to linguistics
@bibliolater@qoto.org avatar

"In applied linguistics generally and bilingualism research in particular, psychological variables remain a much under-investigated sub-category of individual differences compared with cognitive ones. To better understand the under-researched psychological effects of bilingualism, this study investigated well-being, a psychological construct, based on a big-data survey."

Wang, J., & Wei, R. (2023). Is bilingualism linked to well-being? Evidence from a big-data survey. Bilingualism: Language and Cognition, 1-11. doi: https://doi.org/10.1017/S1366728923000603 @linguistics @psychology

bibliolater, to archaeodons
@bibliolater@qoto.org avatar

"We argue that the site of Tainiaro was most likely, although not certainly, a large Stone Age cemetery of the fifth millennium BC. If correct, it would be among the largest such sites to date to this period known in northern Europe."

Hakonen, A., Perälä, N., Vaneeckhout, S., Laurén, T., & Okkonen, J. (2023). A large fifth-millennium BC cemetery in the subarctic north of the Baltic Sea? Antiquity, 97(396), 1402-1419. doi: https://doi.org/10.15184/aqy.2023.160 @archaeodons

bibliolater, to anthropology
@bibliolater@qoto.org avatar

"We analyze the average sonority of basic words of nearly three-quarters of the world’s languages, and confirm a positive correlation between sonority and local temperature. Our findings suggest that lower temperatures, over the course of many centuries, lead to decreased sonority. Our research provides further evidence that climate plays a role in shaping the evolution of human languages."

Tianheng Wang, Søren Wichmann, Quansheng Xia, Qibin Ran, Temperature shapes language sonority: Revalidation from a large dataset, PNAS Nexus, Volume 2, Issue 12, December 2023, pgad384, https://academic.oup.com/pnasnexus/article/2/12/pgad384/7457938 @anthropology

bibliolater, to anthropology
@bibliolater@qoto.org avatar

"We analyze the average sonority of basic words of nearly three-quarters of the world’s languages, and confirm a positive correlation between sonority and local temperature. Our findings suggest that lower temperatures, over the course of many centuries, lead to decreased sonority. Our research provides further evidence that climate plays a role in shaping the evolution of human languages."

Tianheng Wang, Søren Wichmann, Quansheng Xia, Qibin Ran, Temperature shapes language sonority: Revalidation from a large dataset, PNAS Nexus, Volume 2, Issue 12, December 2023, pgad384, https://doi.org/10.1093/pnasnexus/pgad384 @anthropology

bibliolater, to science
@bibliolater@qoto.org avatar

"Our results show that forcing by warm ocean water can cause the rapid onset of dynamic imbalance and increased ice discharge from glaciers on the Antarctic Peninsula, highlighting the region’s sensitivity to future climate variability."

Wallis, B.J., Hogg, A.E., Meredith, M.P. et al. Ocean warming drives rapid dynamic activation of marine-terminating glacier on the west Antarctic Peninsula. Nat Commun 14, 7535 (2023). https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-023-42970-4 @science

bibliolater, to anthropology
@bibliolater@qoto.org avatar

"Y-chromosome results highlight a significant genetic differentiation between the North-Western and South-Eastern part of the Mediterranean, the Italian Peninsula occupying an intermediate position therein. In particular, Sicily and Southern Italy reveal a shared paternal genetic background with the Balkan Peninsula and the time estimates of main Y-chromosome lineages signal paternal genetic traces of Neolithic and post-Neolithic migration events."

Sarno S, Boattini A, Carta M, Ferri G, Alù M, et al. (2014) An Ancient Mediterranean Melting Pot: Investigating the Uniparental Genetic Structure and Population History of Sicily and Southern Italy. PLOS ONE 9(4): e96074. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0096074 @science @biology @anthropology

bibliolater, to econhist
@bibliolater@qoto.org avatar

"This article presented empirical evidence for a statistically significant relationship between being part of the Roman Empire about 1700 years ago and current regional disparities in terms of quantity and quality of entrepreneurial activity, as well as innovation."

Michael Fritsch, Martin Obschonka, Fabian Wahl & Michael Wyrwich (2023) On the Roman origins of entrepreneurship and innovation in Germany, Regional Studies, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/00343404.2023.2276341 @econhist @economics

bibliolater, to econhist
@bibliolater@qoto.org avatar

"This article presented empirical evidence for a statistically significant relationship between being part of the Roman Empire about 1700 years ago and current regional disparities in terms of quantity and quality of entrepreneurial activity, as well as innovation."

Michael Fritsch, Martin Obschonka, Fabian Wahl & Michael Wyrwich (2023) On the Roman origins of entrepreneurship and innovation in Germany, Regional Studies, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/00343404.2023.2276341 @econhist @economics

bibliolater, to econhist
@bibliolater@qoto.org avatar

"This article presented empirical evidence for a statistically significant relationship between being part of the Roman Empire about 1700 years ago and current regional disparities in terms of quantity and quality of entrepreneurial activity, as well as innovation."

Michael Fritsch, Martin Obschonka, Fabian Wahl & Michael Wyrwich (2023) On the Roman origins of entrepreneurship and innovation in Germany, Regional Studies, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/00343404.2023.2276341 @econhist @economics

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